First DNA is transcribed to RNA, and the RNA is spliced before leaving the nucleus through a nuclear pore. Translation begins when the RNA becomes bound to a ribosome, which converts the genetic sequence to a linear protein. The proteins are folded and sorted inside the Golgi Complex, and then packaged into vesicles by the geodesic Clathrin Assembly. These vesicles are pulled along microtubules by kinesin motors. The vesicles then fuse with the outer membrane, and the antibodies are released into the bloodstream.
The DNA of a Eukaryotic chromosome is shaped in a fractal helix with six levels of coiling. The fractal shape allows for all sizes of the chromosome to be unpacked and transcribed efficiently, from individual genes to long sections of DNA with thousands of co-dependent genes and regulatory sequences.